We all know how frustrating it is to constantly dust our homes. Not only is it a never-ending chore, but it can also be bad for our health. Studies have shown that dust can trigger allergies and asthma. The good news is that there are some plants that can help eliminate dust and clean the air in your home. These plants act as natural air purifiers and can remove harmful toxins from the air.
9 Plants That Eliminate Dust at Home
Plants that purify the air in the house? It may sound surprising, but it’s true! Too few people know…
Some varieties of green plants have anti-dust and depolluting properties. Their secret? They filter and absorb suspended particles in indoor air. Yes, you have understood correctly: To fight against polluted air throughout the house, you just have to grow beautiful green plants!
In addition, it is known: having greenery inside, it reduces stress and anxiety. In this article, I list you the 9 best houseplants to eliminate dust and clean the air.
First, what are “suspended particles”?
Like me, at school, weren’t you super strong in SVT? So, let me explain: As their name suggests, suspended particles are fine particles, so fine that they are suspended in the air.
Some are even visible to the naked eye. For example: dirt, dust, smoke and soot… The problem is that prolonged exposure to these particles is very bad for your health. Indeed, in the long term, it can cause respiratory problems or lung disease.
Hence the importance of cleaning the air in your home with green plants. But beware, not just any! Let’s see it all together below.
How to remove dust from indoor air with plants?
First, you have to know what houseplants we are talking about. These are the ones with large shiny leaves. Indeed, if their foliage has a large surface, it allows plants to attract and capture dust.
And what exactly do they do with all that dust? The answer: exactly what they do with it if they grow outside. Let me explain… Dust particles and volatile organic compounds are absorbed by plants. Subsequently, microorganisms present in the roots convert the pollutants into organic products.
The plants then emit water vapour, which improves the humidity and oxygen levels in your home. Basically, they produce clean air. What you need to know is that some are more effective than others in cleaning up the air. For example, hoyas (also called “porcelain flowers”), philodendrons, anthuriums and water lilies.
What are the best houseplants for removing dust and fine particles?
According to this study, the most effective houseplants are those with pubescent leaves. If you are not a gardener, you surely do not know the term. Pubescent leaves are simply those that are covered with a down of fine, short hairs.
And indeed, that means that their texture is much rougher. As a result, they are even more effective at attracting and capturing fine particles. Botanists therefore recommend growing plants like:
- the lyre fig tree (Ficus lyrata),
- sanseveria, also called “mother-in-law’s tongue” or “snake plant”
- the wig tree (Cotinus coggygria with purple foliage)
- swab grass (Pennisetum setaceum rubum), a grass with purple foliage – croton.
9 indoor plants to eliminate dust and clean the air
The false date palm – Plants That Eliminate Dust and Clean Air
Botanical name: Phoenix roebelenii
The false date palm is an indoor palm with powerful purifying and depolluting properties. It’s even scientifically proven.
It is therefore ideal for the interior of your home. And for good reason… The “dwarf date palm” (its other name) absorbs the dangerous contaminants responsible for sick building syndrome: Including formaldehyde, toluene, xylene and styrene.
For it to be even more effective, put it in a well-lit room with good humidity. So, if possible, to create a good humid atmosphere, put it on a tray filled with clay balls.
Botanical name: Ficus elastica
The large, shiny sheets of rubber are very effective at absorbing pollutants from indoor air. According to a NASA study, some green plants remove contaminants that pollute indoor air.
The rubber ficus is one of them. In addition, this plant is robust and resistant: a real “tough guy”, almost indestructible! If it is so effective in cleaning the air, it is thanks to its large shiny leaves.
They effectively remove both dust particles and fine particles. To make it even more effective, spray water once a day on beautiful dark green foliage. Indeed, with a thin layer of water on their surface, its leaves capture even more dust.
Ivy – Plants That Eliminate Dust and Clean Air
Botanical name: Hedera
Know that there are several varieties of ivy, and all are renowned for their anti-dust properties. The variety that we all know is the climbing ivy (Hedera helix).
Easy to maintain and with beautiful evergreen foliage, it is an ideal decorative plant. But not only that: ivy cleans up indoor air.
Indeed, it absorbs dangerous volatile organic compounds such as toluene, octane, benzene and trichloroethylene. So, to clean up the air you breathe, try growing yours in a nice hanging pot.
The spider plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum
Also called phalangera, this plant is extremely effective in removing pollutants from
the air ! According to the NGO National Wildlife Federation, the spider plant can clean up 95% of the toxic agents present in the air! It is particularly effective in removing carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, xylene and toluene. The spider plant also manages to absorb nitrogen dioxide.
Spathiphyllum or false arum
Botanical name: Spathiphyllum
According to research, spathiphyllum captures many volatile organic compounds found in the indoor air of homes. Researchers have even tested its depolluting properties in the laboratory. They discovered that the false arum significantly reduced the levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene. But wait, that’s not all…
With its shiny foliage, the plant also absorbs mold spores and other pollutants that are dangerous to your health. Indeed, spathiphyllum is known for its effectiveness in absorbing acetone vapors. These vapors are very harmful… A single exposure can cause a whole slew of symptoms!
To name a few:
- slurred speech,
- lack of coordination,
- drowsiness, general lethargic state and
- drop in blood pressure.
The false arum gives large and graceful white flowers: the famous “moon flowers.” Easy to grow, you can enjoy its flowers almost all year round. Ideally, put the fake arum in a large decorative flowerpot, and place it in the living room.
The “ZZ” – Plants That Eliminate Dust and Clean Air
Botanical name: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Very easy to care for, this indoor plant has small, thick, shiny dark green leaves. But it is not only an aesthetic plant… Thanks to its shiny foliage, the zamioculcas captures dust.
And it effectively removes harmful airborne pollutants from your home. Once again: its maintenance is extremely simple… the “ZZ” is just perfectly suited to indoor cultivation. Indeed, its growth is slow and it requires little care. For an original and decorative touch, put it in a small flowerpot!
Preferably place it in the bedroom. And as with the rubber ficus, for best results, spray water on its leaves once a day!
Indoor palm trees
Botanical names: Dypsis lutescens
Chamaedorea seifrizii Know that there are several varieties of indoor palms. The most common is areca (Dypsis lutescens). Moreover, it is one of the plants most sold by gardeners!
The other widespread variety is the Chamaedorea seifrizii, also called “dwarf palm”, “bamboo palm” or simply “parlor palm”. Either way: you can’t go wrong. Because both are known to eliminate dust and particles in your home.
As a reference: know that you need to grow 2 plants to sanitize and depollute an area of 5 square meters. According to a study, indoor palm trees absorb volatile organic compounds and harmful gases like carbon dioxide.
This includes the 2 varieties mentioned above, the areca palm and the bamboo palm. But also other varieties, such as the rhapis palm (Rhapis excelsa) and the saber ficus (Ficus binnendijkii).
Botanical name: Epipremnum aureum
With its glossy marbled yellow foliage, the pothos walks like thunder to catch dust. But that’s not all. It is also one of the most powerful plants for absorbing harmful volatile organic compounds found in indoor air.
Also according to a NASA study, pothos cleans the air of several harmful substances. Including benzene, toluene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and xylene.
Botanical name: Dieffenbachia
With its superb variegated foliage, this vigorous Brazilian plant is perfect for decorating your interior. In addition, dieffenbachia is a powerful air depollutant! Pot them inside the house to absorb volatile organic compounds that are dangerous to your health.
Including acetone, benzene, formaldehyde and toluene. According to a study, the air inside our homes is sometimes as polluted as outside. It’s scary! And these pollutants can potentially cause headaches, dizziness, nausea and allergies.
Fortunately, growing dieffenbachia indoors is a great option for capturing dust and fine particles.
What are the other green plants that clean up indoor air?
Of course, the above list is far from exhaustive! There are loads of plants you can grow in your home to clear dust and clean the air.
Here are just a few that are renowned for their powerful anti-dust and depolluting properties:
- the aloe vera,
- aglaonema (Aglaonema),
- wild betel (Piper sarmentosum),
- ferns (Filicophyta),
- philodendrons (Philodendron),
- fittonia (Fittonia albivenis),
- the gerbera daisy (Gerbera) and – the florist’s chrysanthemum or horticultural chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum × grandiflorum). Your turn…
And you, do you know any other indoor plants to eliminate dust and clean the air? Share them with us in the comments.
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Vogue Health Team