Spots on the skin: 👩‍⚕️ Is it something serious?
Spots on the skin: 👩‍⚕️ Is it something serious?

When you notice a new spot on your skin, it’s natural to worry. Is it something serious? Skin spots can be caused by a variety of things, including sun exposure, acne, and skin cancer. Most skin spots are benign, but it’s important to have any new or changing spots checked out by a doctor. Here’s what you need to know about the most common types of spots on the skin.

Spots on the skin: what is the cause and what is the most effective solution?

Find out what causes spots on the skin and what they can be! When you know all that, it will be easier for you to know how to get rid of them forever.

Few of us have ideal facial skin, without imperfections and scars. Those who can boast of this are truly lucky. However, a larger percentage of us struggle with oily or problematic skin, and if we don’t have acne and pimples, then we are prone to various allergies and rashes that can appear at any time.

One of the major aesthetic problems that we will talk about is spots on the skin. When they are on the back, stomach or legs, we can somehow hide them with clothes.

But what when they decide to show up in person?

Someone decides to accept them, someone to cover them up. Vesna decided to get rid of them completely. She succeeded in that intention completely naturally. Along with the spots, the dark circles disappeared and the face tightened. Isn’t that great! How she achieved these results, read in her personal experience at this link: https://lepolice.com/moje-iskustvo-prirodno-sam-obrisala-bore-sa-lica/

The face is something we all notice first in other people, and we would not like an ugly brown or yellow spot to be the first impression. So let’s solve the mystery of spots and blemishes on the face and see what causes them.

Causes that cause spots on the skin

There are many factors that can lead to a change in skin color on the face, but these are the most common and therefore you should pay special attention to them.

Too much sun exposure

One of the most common causes of spots on the skin, i.e. hyperpigmentation and the appearance of dark spots on the face, but also on the hands and other parts of the body that are mainly exposed to the sun’s rays.

Why can the sun’s rays lead to the appearance of dark spots?

It’s simple. We have heard about melanin, a pigment that is found in our skin and has a protective function.

Ultraviolet radiation from the sun works by increasing the production of melanin in the skin, which results in the darkening of certain parts of the skin.

The solarium has the same effect on our skin, and even room light can lead to the formation of darker spots.

People with a darker complexion get dark spots more easily, because those with a lighter complexion have a lower percentage of melanin in their skin.

In addition, the sun now has much stronger radiation than a few decades ago, not to mention how widespread the use of tanning beds has become;

Hormonal changes

Due to various hormonal imbalances and changes, especially during pregnancy and menopause, different spots can appear on the face. Professionally, this condition is called melasma and affects mostly women;

Skin inflammations and irritations

Inflammatory processes on the skin due to the appearance of acne or cysts lead to redness and even more serious skin diseases. As the skin on the face is exposed to all possible external factors, it can easily become discolored.

The appearance of spots can even be caused by certain cosmetic products, creams or perfumes, which act by irritating the skin and affecting the appearance of spots. This condition is also called a phototoxic reaction and causes dark spots on the skin.

Use of certain medications

Each drug has its side effects, so some of them can affect the skin and lead to the formation of spots; The doctor should warn you if any medicine can cause spots to appear;

Wound healing

When we have a scar on our face or a sore from an insect bite, a stain may remain in that place later. Over time, it should disappear. This also happens if you have pimple sores on your face. They pass, but a dark spot remains on the skin.

Diabetes

Diabetes is also one of the causes of skin discoloration. Too much sugar in the blood damages the blood vessels, especially those located just under the skin. Such damage creates reddish spots, most often on the legs. Pay attention if these spots appear on your body, it may be a sign of elevated blood sugar;

Food allergies

Allergies can also be one of the causes of spots and spots on the face. If you suspect that some food is causing redness or rashes on your skin, be sure to do an allergy test and eliminate all doubts. Eczema is one of the most common changes in skin color caused by allergies;

Aging

Aging is a natural process that affects us all. As the skin relaxes and loses its elasticity and hydration, so-called age spots can appear on it.

Excess melanin and spots on the face are directly related

Spots on the face caused by excess melanin occur when the deeper layers of the skin are damaged due to external influences. If you enjoy sunbathing summer after summer, the skin will dry out and the cells will start producing larger amounts of melanin on an annual basis. Certain parts of the face will darken and round spots will appear as well as band-shaped dark lines. Melanin is secreted naturally in order to be resistant to negative UV radiation, but it can cost you your beauty! Melanin cells are additionally activated on injured skin. In the sun, skin cells damaged in this way can darken more than other parts of the skin and there are spots.

Photocurrent dermatitis

Photocontact dermatitis used to be rare, but today it appears more and more often on sensitive and dry facial skin. It occurs as a result of the use of inadequate cosmetic preparations, which contain chemicals, parabens and artificial, processed oils.

It manifests itself as red, rash-like circles that have itchy watery pimples inside. The skin becomes dry and changes on the face resemble eczema. With a natural face cream, you can wash the surface layer of the skin so that the pimples recede, but they often leave behind a dark stain as a sign of damage to the inner layers of the face. It gradually disappears after a few months, and the area under the spot is extremely sensitive and dry.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a type of skin inflammation that occurs when the skin comes into contact with an irritant substance. The symptoms of contact dermatitis can vary from mild to severe, and include redness, itching, and blistering. In some cases, the skin may also become cracked or crusted. Contact dermatitis is usually treated with over-the-counter medications, such as hydrocortisone cream or antihistamines. In more severe cases, a doctor may prescribe oral steroids or other medication.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory skin disease characterized by pruritus, dry skin, and eczematous lesions. Dermatitis affects 15-20% of the world’s population. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis has increased over the past several decades, likely due to environmental factors.

There is no cure for atopic dermatitis, but patients can manage their symptoms with topical therapies and immunomodulators. Topical corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment for atopic dermatitis. Other topical therapies include calcineurin inhibitors, antihistamines, and barrier creams. Systemic therapies such as cyclosporine and methotrexate are reserved for patients who do not respond to topical therapy.

Patients with atopic dermatitis are at risk for developing secondary bacterial and viral infections.

Pityriasis rosea

Pityriasis rosea is a skin condition that typically causes a pink or red, scaly rash on the chest, back, neck, and waist. The rash is often itchy and can last for several weeks. While the exact cause of pityriasis rosea is unknown, it is thought to be related to a viral infection. Treatment for pityriasis rosea typically involves using over-the-counter topical creams or lotions to help relieve symptoms. In some cases, prescription medications may be necessary.

Types of spots on the skin and how to recognize them

Any change in the color of the facial skin, regardless of whether it has become lighter or darker, whether freckles, yellowness or redness have appeared, is considered a spot or stain.

They appear gradually as a result of the various factors that we have listed, and in order to treat them properly and on time, it is necessary to know what types of spots exist and how to recognize them. The basic, rough division of spots on the skin is as follows:

Hyperpigmentation;

Hypopigmentation;

Redness.

Now we will explain each of these skin color changes in detail.

Hyperpigmentation

 As we have already mentioned, hyperpigmentation of the skin occurs when there is excessive production of melanin.

The skin becomes more pigmented, darkens in certain parts, and thus dark and brown spots appear on the face.

These spots can be smaller or larger, and their color ranges from lighter brown to black. Here are the spots that are the result of hyperpigmentation.

Melasma

 This condition is one of the most common skin problems when it comes to skin discoloration.

Melasma is also called chloasma and in 90 percent of cases occurs in women, most often due to hormonal changes.

Very often, dark spots like this appear on the face of pregnant women, so we call them the pregnancy mask. They appear symmetrically on both sides of the face, most often on the cheeks, forehead, around the upper lip and on the chin. Likewise, they can come out on the arms and back. These brown spots on the face take on an even more intense color during the summer and become larger due to solar radiation.

The most common causes of melasma are:

Hormonal changes in the body – brown spots may appear in people who are hypersensitive to estrogen and progesterone. This includes the use of contraceptive pills, hormone therapy, menopause and, as we said, pregnancy;

too much sun exposure;

stress, as well as diseases of the thyroid gland can cause melasma;

Melasma is very characteristic and a dermatologist can determine it just by looking at the face. In some cases, however, it is necessary to perform a skin biopsy or an examination with a special lamp that determines the extent and depth of the melasma.

It is important to emphasize that these spots on the face are not harmful to health, but they are certainly a major aesthetic problem. In some cases, they may withdraw on their own.

Spots as a result of skin inflammation

 Darkening of certain parts of the skin occurs due to healing of the skin, and after various injuries or traumas. This also includes acne spots. This is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The skin remains a shade darker than it was before. It is important to note that various treatments used against acne, such as chemical peels or laser treatments, can lead to this condition, if they are done unprofessionally.

Sun spots

 As their name suggests, these spots on the face are a direct consequence of too much sunbathing or going to the solarium. The pigment melanin works by absorbing sunlight and thus our skin gradually darkens. If the sun’s rays are absorbed evenly, we get a nice and even complexion.

When we sunbathe too much, there is a hyperproduction of melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin in the deepest layer of the skin. Then dark spots are created on certain parts of the skin.

They can be:

Sun spots

they are more common in people with a lighter complexion, and these freckles appear all over the face already with the first spring sun. Even if they seem cute, freckles around the nose and on the cheeks are one of the signs that the skin is very sensitive to the sun’s rays and that it needs additional protection to prevent dark spots on the face;

Age spots

They appear on the face, décolleté and hands in the form of small dark spots from light brown to dark black. They are about 5 mm in diameter, and people over 40 are most prone to them. However, they can appear earlier. For all of us, the sun accelerates the aging process of the skin, and freckles are a sign that the skin has received too much UV rays. Likewise, genetics play an important role here. If our parents have age spots, it is very likely that we will also get them at some point in our lives.

We have already mentioned that solar radiation can be extremely harmful to our skin, so it is necessary to follow the basic rules when sunbathing.

A hat, creams with a high protection factor and avoiding the sun when it is strongest, from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., are the most important preventive steps if we want to avoid the appearance of spots and freckles on the face.

Stains on earrings due to depilation

 Depilation of small hairs above the upper lip can create red and dark spots. Then the painful process of hair removal means nothing, because the skin above the lip is twice as noticeable due to newly formed spots.

To avoid them, use soothing ear wax removal products, such as hair removal cream. Read their declarations and choose the one with the addition of aloe vera, lavender or immortelle. It will have a soothing effect on the surface of the skin and prevent the appearance of spots on the face. In doing so, hair removal becomes completely painless!

Pimple spots

 Due to an infection on the face, melanin can accumulate inside the cells, so that after recovery from pimples, dark spots remain in their place. Dark spots from pimples are a common occurrence if you squeeze acne incorrectly or apply too strong a pimple drying agent to your face.

Infected skin needs the gentleness of natural acne remedies, such as pimple gel. The product’s nutrients nourish the inside of the face and give strength to the cells, so that they produce normal amounts of protein. Pimples dry up and fall off without additional damage to the face, pimple holes and spots on the skin!

Yellow spots on the face

If you notice yellowish spots on your face or other parts of your body, it may be the result of various diseases. Some of them are disorders in the functioning of the liver or poor digestion. Also, yellowing of the skin can be a symptom of reduced thyroid function. This condition is called hypothyroidism, and it means that due to a different functioning of thyroid hormones, there is an increase in carotene in the blood. Likewise, carotenemia, i.e. an increased level of beta-carotene in the blood, occurs due to excessive consumption of foods rich in carotene, such as carrots, pumpkins, apricots… If this is the cause of yellow spots on your face, simply remove these foods from your diet .

Skin hypopigmentation

In addition to dark spots, our skin can also have spots that are lighter than our complexion. When we have too much melanin in the skin, we are talking about hyperpigmentation. Quite the opposite, when it is too little, skin hypopigmentation occurs. The causes can be various:

Genetics – genes can be to blame if you are prone to the appearance of white spots on the face and body;

Using too aggressive cosmetic products. For example, a depilation cream that does not suit us can cause skin irritation, sores and scabs are formed, and later the skin in that area becomes lighter than it was. Depigmentation occurs, because the pigment in that part of the skin is lost;

A lack of vitamin D and vitamin E, as well as a lack of calcium, leads to the appearance of white spots on the skin. If this is the cause, it’s time to eat healthier;

Too much sun;

Skin diseases that lead to loss of skin pigment.

Bright sun spots

 Professionally, this condition is called idiopathic eruptive hypomelanosis. The skin loses its pigment in certain areas, resulting in tiny white spots. They are not dangerous for our health, but they are related to genetic predispositions. People with lighter skin are especially susceptible, and treatment is necessary if the spots start to spread.

White spots on the skin – vitiligo

 Vitiligo is an autoimmune skin disease that manifests itself in the form of white spots on the body and face. The immune system attacks its own cells, in this case melanocytes, responsible for the production of the brown pigment melanin. Because of this, uneven white spots are created on the face, arms, legs and can spread over the entire body. People suffering from vitiligo often have a lack of self-confidence, and this disease is hereditary in 30% of cases. Certain creams and treatments can reduce the appearance of vitiligo, but it is very difficult to remove the spots completely.

Red spots on the skin

 Redness and red spots on the face and body can appear for several reasons, and here is what characterizes them.

They can be caused by various inflammations, allergies or rashes, but also by elevated temperature, stress, and hormonal disorders. Also, the expansion of blood vessels can cause pronounced redness on the face, neck and décolletage. Whatever the cause, red marks and spots on the face are not welcome at all. It is important to know which of the above is the real cause of redness on the skin, whether it is just dry skin that is tight and therefore itches and reddens, or is the reason something else;

The shades of these spots are different, from pinkish to purple.

Small reddish or purple dots are called petechiae. On the face, they appear on the eyelids, and the spell is subcutaneous bleeding. When tiny capillaries burst, blood enters the skin tissue and these tiny colored changes occur on the skin. They can also appear in the mouth, and the elderly are especially susceptible to them. The skin becomes thinner during aging, so the blood vessels are more exposed to external influences;

They can be small and barely visible, but they can also cover part of the face, sometimes they are very painful, burning and itching.

Frequent reddening of the skin can also be a symptom of more serious diseases, so it is necessary to find out in time what is causing them.

Our skin is our largest organ and, at the same time, our mirror of health. That’s why it’s important to protect it as much as we can in order to prevent the formation of ugly spots and stains that we all want to avoid. Now that we know what causes them, it is easier for us to prevent them from occurring.

Spots on the skin and skin cancer

When most people think of skin cancer, they picture the large, dark spots that are easy to see. But not all skin cancers look like this. In fact, many types of skin cancer don’t have any visible symptoms at all.

This is why it’s so important to be aware of the different types of skin cancer and to see a doctor if you notice any changes in your skin. Here’s what you need to know about spots on the skin and skin cancer.

There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer, and it usually appears as a small, round spot on the skin. Squamous cell carcinoma is less common, but it can be more aggressive.

Skin bumps

If you’ve ever had a skin bump, you know they can be unsightly and sometimes even painful. But what exactly are skin bumps?

Skin bumps are raised areas of the skin that are usually round or oval in shape. They can be small or large, and may be filled with pus or other fluids. Some common types of skin bumps include pimples, cysts, and warts.

Most skin bumps are harmless and will go away on their own. However, some may require treatment by a doctor. If you have a skin bump that is causing you pain, is growing rapidly, or is accompanied by other symptoms, it’s best to see a doctor to have it checked out.

Rash

A rash is a change of the skin which can affect its color, texture, or appearance. Rash may be local to one particular area of the body, or it can be all over the body. The rash is often itchy, and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as redness, swelling, pain, or blistering. In most cases, a rash is not serious and will go away on its own. However, in some cases a rash may be a sign of a more serious condition and medical attention may be required.

Skin blood spots

You may not think of your skin as an organ, but it is! Your skin is the largest and heaviest organ in your body. It’s also the first line of defense against infection. So when you cut yourself, or get a bruise, you’ll see blood spots under your skin.

Blood spots are usually nothing to worry about and will heal on their own. But if you have a lot of them, or if they don’t go away after a few weeks, you should see a doctor. Blood spots can be a sign of a more serious problem, like leukemia.

So if you’re concerned about blood spots on your skin, don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor. They can help you figure out what’s going on and get the treatment you need.

Tips for preventing spots on the skin

 The best tips that can prevent the appearance of spots on the skin are the following:

Daily skin care routine must become your obligation! Therefore, it is important that you thoroughly clean, hydrate and protect your skin with creams with a protective factor every day. In this way, you prevent the spread or appearance of new spots on the skin from the influence of external factors!

Find the right scrub that will really and thoroughly do the job. This means that it should not only clean the skin and open the pores, but also have a beneficial effect on reducing spots. You can do peeling yourself at home at least once a week, or as part of a treatment in beauty salons.

Find a good moisturizing cream that also works on the spots, brightening them and finally having a regenerative effect on them. Such a cream can reduce existing spots and prevent the appearance of new ones. Just make sure it’s natural-based and don’t skip a day, apply regularly!

Find out about all types of spots on the face and skin and then it’s not a bad idea to consult with an expert. Some spots also require therapeutic help in the form of drugs or topical medications.

Find more about the solution to spots on the face and skin here: How to remove spots from the face so they don’t come back!

See a doctor or seek medical for your spots on the skin

 If you have spots on your skin that are new, itchy, or changing in any way, it’s important to see a doctor or seek medical attention. This is especially true if the spots are accompanied by other symptoms like fever, fatigue, or weight loss. While many skin conditions are benign and treatable at home, others can be indicative of more serious health problems. Therefore, it’s always best to err on the side of caution and get checked out by a professional.

 Although they are mostly harmless, spots on the face are no joke. In any case, do not ignore any signal that your body sends you, because sometimes even the smallest change on the skin can be a symptom of something more serious. Check what is at stake and prevent their formation and spread in time.

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Vogue Health Team

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