The blue tit A little bird with a big personality

The blue tit is a small songbird with a blue back, wings and head, and a yellow breast. They are found in woods and gardens across Europe and Asia. Blue tits are acrobatic birds, often hanging upside down from branches to feed on insects. They will also eat peanuts and other nuts from bird feeders. Blue tits are very active birds and are always on the move in search of food.

Blue tit: characteristics and breeding

In this article we will go to the discovery of the Blue Tit. Its main characteristics and how to proceed with its breeding. Let’s go into the merits of knowing this little bird together.

Where the blue tit lives

The species is widespread throughout Europe, from the Spanish Islands to Scandinavia, even reaching North Africa. Basically sedentary, the blue tit is capable of making extraordinary migrations even in the northernmost areas of the boreal hemisphere.

Characteristics of the blue tit

Characteristics of the blue tit

The blue tit is a very lively, as well as agile, small bird. It usually performs acrobatics among the branches, when it is looking for food. Facilitated by a small body, of variable length between 12 cm and with a weight that is around 10 grams. The species is characterized by a livery of bright colors ranging from blue to yellow-green and white.

Both the male and the female do not show obvious sexual dimorphism. Except for the much more intense nuances of the male. It is characterized by a pointed black beak and short, sturdy blue-grey legs.

The behavior of the Blue Tit is particularly sociable; it lives mainly in hilly or flat areas. But is also a frequent visitor to orchards and private gardens. It does not fly over open spaces to avoid predators such as birds of prey. It is hardly seen resting on the ground. The Blue Tit is among the most common nesting species in Italy.

How to breed the blue tit

You will need a comfortable cage with wide bars. Place the cage in places protected from direct sunlight. Keep the cage door open so that the blue tit does not feel trapped.

If it feels comfortable inside the cage, having enough food and water available. It will return to the artificial nest spontaneously. As far as feeding in captivity is concerned, one can opt for a mash mixed with ingredients. Such as: sunflower seeds, various insects and various fruit (especially apples).

You can also use flour moths or some honey moths. Once the mash has been placed in a feeder, it is placed outside. In order to avoid that they develop too aggressive behaviors. Two or more specimens of adult Blue Tit should not be bred in captivity.

What does the blue tit eat

The blue tit is mainly insectivorous, whose favorite preys are aphids, larvae and spiders, but also small invertebrates. In winter it does not disdain seeds, berries and fruit.

Like all Titmice, also the Blue Tit is characterized by a particular voracity and spends most of its day in constant search of food.

Therefore it plays an important role in the food chain, contributing together with other animals. To contain the number of harmful insects that proliferate in the countryside and in the gardens.

How to build a house for blue tits

Before starting to build the house for your blue tit, it is good to know that the wood to be used must not be treated or painted.

The different wooden parts must have a thickness of at least 2 centimeters. In order to guarantee the right protection in the event of cold temperatures. The trailing edge should be roughened with a rasp: birds can fly more easily by taking off from rough surfaces.

If the wooden house is “closed”, the entry hole must have a standard diameter of 2.8 cm. In the case of an open house model. The front part must include a parapet with a variable height (depending on the type of passerines you want to host). In any case, the parapet must have a height of eight centimeters for the blue tits and the great tits.

In both types of wooden houses, some holes on the bottom will be essential to allow the drainage of liquids and the ventilation of the interior; provide at least four holes.
Inside the wooden house you will not have to leave any type of foreign material, as the birds themselves will provide the protective coating.

Reproduction of the blue tit

During the mating season, which in our country begins in the months of February and March. The couple sets up the nest in a natural or artificial cavity (wooden house or letterbox), inside which the female lays ten to fourteen eggs. Very small and whitish in color, speckled with many dark dots.

The brood lasts about two weeks; just after hatching. The chicks will be raised by both parents who will take turns looking for the food necessary for the hungry chicks. The young specimens of Blue Tit leave the nest after about twenty days. But for another two weeks they will continue to receive care and attention from both parents.

The mortality rate for the blue tit in the first six months of life is very high. Unfortunately only 20% of the chicks manage to survive. However the species still manages not to become extinct as it is very prolific (basically every pair of blue tit completes 3 broods a year).

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Vogue Health Team

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