Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that live in every environment, including the human body. In urine, bacteria are usually harmless and help keep the urinary tract clean. However, sometimes bacteria can cause infections, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs). This article will discuss everything you need to know about urine bacteria. Including how it affects your health and how to prevent infections.
Urine bacteria – everything you need to know
Urinary tract infections are one of the most common bacterial infections in humans. Urinary infections, whether they occurred in hospital or out-of-hospital conditions. Occur more often in women and primarily in younger people than in men. Because women have a short and straight urethra. Infection occurs very rarely in men under 50 years of age.
Asymptomatic urinary infections are more common in older men and pregnant women. In most cases (over 80%), acute urinary infection is caused by Escherichia coli, followed by Proteus, Klebsiella and Enterobacter. All these bacteria represent normal intestinal flora, and when they are found in the urinary tract, they cause infection. Bacteria enter the bladder through the urethra and are mostly eliminated by urination so that infection does not occur. Also, the composition of urine itself has antibacterial properties.
Bacteria in the urine – symptoms
Urinary infections are characterized by:
urge to urinate at night
strong smell of urine
lower back pain
cloudy urine color
burning when urinating
How to determine a bacterial infection in the urine
Infection is confirmed by urine analysis with sediment and urine culture. The first, morning, medium jet is taken after the toilet. To diagnose a bacterial infection in the urine, there must be more than 5 erythrocytes. More than 10 leukocytes and a lot of bacteria in the urine (more than 100,000 in 1 ml of midstream, because up to 100,000 is considered contamination).
Bacteria in urine during pregnancy
Pregnancy is a condition that favors the occurrence of urinary infections because the hormone progesterone relaxes the urinary tract. So the flow of urine is slowed down, and as the fetus grows, so does the uterus, which presses on the urinary tract.
More frequent trips to the toilet during the first three and last three months of pregnancy are considered physiological. But sometimes they can indicate a urinary infection. If you feel a burning sensation when urinating, if there is pain or blood in the urine. Then it is necessary for the pregnant woman to contact her gynecologist. And in those cases, in pregnant women, the main cause of bacteria in the urine during pregnancy in as many as 90% of cases is Escherichia coli.
Do bacteria in urine affect pregnancy?
Since it can lead to serious consequences such as damage to the kidneys. Fetus or premature birth, it is necessary to urgently treat the infection with drugs prescribed by the doctor. A certain number of pregnant women may have bacteria in their urine that do not cause any symptoms. That is why it is necessary to give urine for analysis more often.
Bacteria in urine in children
In childhood, urinary tract infections are common and are in 2nd place, right after respiratory tract infections. Both in children and in adults, the causative agents of urinary bacterial infections are: Primarily Escherichia coli, followed by Proteus, Klebsiella and Enterobacter. Urinary infections are more common in girls due to a short and straight urethra. They are also more common in children who have some anomaly of the urinary tract.
Urinary tract infection in children up to 3 years of age can cause a number of different symptoms. So the urine should always be analyzed when the child has an elevated body temperature, when he is irritable and tearful. When he refuses to eat, is sleepy, when there are changes in smell and color of urine. In children from 3 to 5 years of age, a urinary infection should be suspected when they have diarrhea or vomiting, while in children older than 5 years, there is pain and burning when urinating, frequent urges to urinate, changes in the color and smell of urine.
Tea for bacteria in the urine
Until a urinary infection is confirmed, a person who has a problem urinating should take in plenty of clear liquid, preferably in the form of wild oregano tea, which can be drunk by children as early as 3 years of age, to avoid coffee and alcohol and delaying urination for longer than which is necessary.
How to treat bacteria in the urine
Antibiotic therapy according to the antibiogram. While waiting for the result of the urine culture, the doctor prescribes a broad-spectrum antibiotic that can be changed after the antibiogram is obtained, if there is a need for it.
Bacteria in urine – natural treatment
As we have already stated, urinary infections are most often caused by Escherichia coli, Proteus, Klebsiella and Enterobacter. Probotanic oil of wild oregano and Origanol strong capsules are an excellent way to naturally treat bacteria in the urine because they are proven to destroy all these bacteria.
Wild oregano oil can be drunk by children from the age of 3, while Origanol strong capsules can be drunk by children from the age of 6. Along with these two products, we also recommend Probotanic wild oregano tea, which will contribute to the faster elimination of bacteria from the urinary tract.
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Vogue Health Team