What makes these thermal waters so therapeutic?
What makes these thermal waters so therapeutic?

There are many benefits to soaking in thermal waters. The water is naturally heated by the Earth’s heat, and contains minerals that can be beneficial to the skin. Thermal waters can also help improve circulation and relax muscles.

Thermal waters: types and beneficial properties


Thanks to the particular hydro-geological conformation, in many regions there is an ancient tradition linked to the thermal waters that flow from the various natural springs. These waters boast beneficial, curative and aesthetic properties already known to the Romans who frequented these natural places, mostly tubs or swimming pools, as a place of treatment, personal hygiene and socialisation.

In nature, as is known, there are different types of thermal waters, which differ according to their composition, temperature and beneficial properties, therefore according to the therapeutic indications for which they are also prescribed by your doctor.

In this regard, since these waters have a healing power, medical advice is recommended. Based on the different needs, the practitioner will be able to indicate which source is most suitable. In the following paragraphs we will list the different types of thermal waters, most widespread and used, and their respective benefits.

Generic benefits of thermal waters

In summary, the benefits of thermal waters include:

Anti-inflammatory effects
Healing power of respiratory tract disorders
They contrast skin hyperactivity, vascular disease, arthro-rheumatic pathologies
Strengthen the Immune System
Antibacterial and disinfectant effect
Regulate the menstrual cycle
Purify the breath
Regulate the gastrointestinal functions

Types of thermal waters

The benefits of aquifer power have been codified and established. According to the different peculiarities given by the composition of the different thermal waters, the beneficial effects on the organism of each water classified up to now have been listed.

The classification of the waters is carried out on the basis of the geographical location of each water, of the mineral elements dissolved in it, of the temperature at which it flows and of the different indications on the rehabilitative and curative path for which it is indicated, whether it is digestive disorders, liver or intestinal level, rather than a dermatological problem.

How are thermal waters distinguished?

Thermal waters differ in various aspects, such as, for example: colour, smell, taste, clarity, but also chemical-physical characteristics, such as temperature, density, refractive index, cryoscopic lowering, osmotic pressure, electrical conductivity, pH, radioactivity . The presence of ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, oxygen, hydrogen sulphide, the gases contained, the quantity of nitrogen, the hydrosulphide degree, hardness or alkalinity also make the difference.

Today, the classification parameters of thermal waters are summarized as three:

fixed residue at 180°C
chemical composition according to a scheme which divides water into classes and sub-classes.
Sulphate waters
These waters are particularly indicated to treat disorders of the liver, digestive and gastrointestinal systems. The thermal water is drunk, or used as thermal mud to be applied to the affected areas of the body.

In Italy, the best known springs are found in: Chianciano, San Pellegrino Terme and Boario.

Sulphurous waters

They are used in case of respiratory, skin and dermatological problems and related to osteoporosis. The particularity of these waters, due to the presence of high quantities of sulfur, is the strong smell. The sulphurous waters can be inhaled or applied through mud.

It is the most widespread type of thermal water in Italy. They are located in: Sirmione, Trescore Balneario, Acqui Terme, Tabiano, Saturnia, Bagno di Romagna.

Sodium chloride waters

They are waters with many beneficial properties. Used for the treatment of joint, rheumatic and vascular disorders. They are also indicated in case of respiratory and digestive disorders. As the name suggests, the elements most present and dissolved in this type of thermal water are chlorine and sodium. This thermal water can be inhaled, drunk or applied with mud therapy treatments.

The most famous thermal centers are those of Ischia and Montecatini.

Radioactive waters

The name shouldn’t cause fear, as there is no contamination with radioactive substances in the radioactive waters, which are naturally present in the minerals and rocks from which they flow. They are indicated to support the immune system and as an anti-inflammatory.

In Italy they are found in Abano Terme.

Bromo-iodine salt waters

The composition of these waters is rich in sodium chloride, iodine and bromine. These saline waters are particularly suitable for the treatment of gynecological, dermatological and osteoarticular problems.

Salsomaggiore is the best-known center for this type of thermal water.

Bicarbonate waters

The Bicarbonate Waters promote digestion and detoxification at the liver level. They are purifying waters and are taken by drinking them. The sources are found in spas but also in the supermarket as table water.

The best known spa towns for these waters are those of Sangemini and Recoaro.


Sea water differs from the classic thermal waters due to the saline content. It is used in thalassotherapy, through the application of healing mud, baths and inhalations.

It is particularly appreciated in the medical field and above all in the aesthetic and dermatological fields for toning the skin and combating cellulite. Sea water has antibacterial power, promotes the drainage of liquids and circulation, and is also used in case of airway disorders.

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Vogue Health Team


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